Protein Deficiency

Proteins and Amino Acids General information on proteins Proteins are polymeric chains formed by the union of numerous amino acids , joined in sequence via  so – called peptide bonds . In nature there are thousands of proteins, different in structure and function; this variability depends on the number, sequence and type of amino acids, and on the overall three-dimensional structure…

Refined carbohydrates

Refined carbohydrates   are   caloric  macronutrients , that is ,  useful to the body to support the physiological mechanisms that require the use of  energy ; refined carbohydrates  are also synonymous with: refined carbohydrates,  refined carbohydrates  , refined carbohydrates and  refined sugars . I underline that the term ” refined carbohydrates  ” is generic or imprecise, since  carbohydrates  can be extracted, hydrolysed and synthesized at an industrial level: what is subjected to  refining , in reality,…

Complex Carbohydrates

What are complex carbohydrates? Synonyms of carbohydrates : sugars, carbohydrates, carbohydrates, carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates are   energy-rich macronutrients and provide 3.75  calories ( kcal ) per gram (g) – or 4.0, depending on the source. Their molecular structure is polymeric , that is, each complex carbohydrate is made up of the union of more than 10 simple carbohydrates  (up to several thousand). The latter are “monomeric units” made up of  monosaccharides , i.e. the most basic…

Calcium (mineral)

Generality Calcium is a chemical element with the symbol Ca and atomic number 20 . It is the most abundant metal in the human body – but also the fifth element in the overall list. This is because it has many biological roles and therefore performs different functions – which we will see in more detail below. By binding to  phosphorus  (P), it first of all has a very important structural function ( ratio 2.5:1 ). The…

Benefits of Legumes as a Pre and Post Workout Meal

Legumes are very valuable foods from a nutritional point of view, which is why they are useful in different circumstances. In fact, they can contribute to the balance of the diet in many aspects and the cases in which they can be advantageously included in the dietary habits are very numerous. This high level of…

Resistant Starch

What is Resistant Starch Resistant Starch (RS) constitutes 1/10 of the alimentary starch; it is a nutritional molecule that, for one reason or another, is NOT digestible by the human salivary and pancreatic enzymes; therefore, due to its impact on the intestinal-metabolic balance, resistant starch falls into the category of dietary fiber and/or functional components.…

Foods Rich in Calcium

Watch the video Generalities Calcium in Brief Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body. Like phosphorus, most calcium resides in the bones, in which it also plays a structural and reserve role for the body. Only 1% of the body’s calcium is dissolved in soft tissues (inside cells, in matrices, in blood,…