Kale and Savoy Cabbage

Generality Hood cabbage and savoy cabbage are two subspecies of the well-known Brassica oleracea L., a plant belonging to the Brassicaceae family; in botany, hooded cabbage is known as ” capitata “, while savoy cabbage is called ” savoy “. Green cabbage The cabbage has smooth, recessed leaves, easily reaches 50cm in height and the edible part is made up of the central…

Red cabbage

Generality By red cabbage (or red cabbage ) we mean a food of vegetal origin, obtained from an edible plant belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Closely related to savoy cabbage , cauliflower , broccoli and turnip greens (but not only), the red cabbage plant is identified by the binomial nomenclature Brassica oleracea , cultivar capitata f. rubra . NB . Specifying the cultivar is essential to distinguish red cabbage from the others mentioned above,…

Kale

What is kale? Curly kale (in English “ curly cale ”) is the name of a particular cabbage cultivar called sabellica ( Brassica oleracea var. sabellica) . Also known as kale and, perhaps incorrectly, as cabbage , this variety is obtained only by cultivation and is not available in the wild. Note : in botany, some authors make a distinction between kale and frizzy kale. The latter, referred to as Brassica oleracea variety acephala sabellica , could represent a…

Black cabbage

Generality Black cabbage is an edible herbaceous plant belonging to the Brassicaceae family, identified by the trinomial nomenclature Brassica oleracea acephala L., variety palmifolia . In the Anglo-Saxon language, this cultivar is identified as black cabbage, tuscan cabbage, tuscan kale, lacinatom, dinosaur kale or black cabbage. As the name itself suggests, black cabbage stands out for its very dark colour, certainly…

Cauliflower

What is Cauliflower Cauliflower is the edible flower of the herbaceous plant Brassica oleracea L., variety botrytis , belonging to the C ruciferae family . On the Italian peninsula, different varieties of cauliflower are grown (early and late) which determine their diversification and their respective common nomenclature; the main ones are: Gigante cauliflower from Naples, Tardivo cauliflower from Fano, Romanesco cauliflower and Violetto cauliflower from Catania.…

Brussels sprouts: Properties

Generality Brussels sprouts are edible shoots of the herbaceous plant Brassica oleracea L., gemmifera variety, belonging to the Cruciferae family. They are also known as Brussels sprouts, and belong (like broccoli and many others) to the cabbage category, even if: Unlike cauliflower and broccoli , Brussels sprouts constitute the shoots (light green in color) and not the flower of the plant…

Catalogna chicory – asparagus chicory

What is Chicory? Catalonia chicory or asparagus chicory is a vegetable belonging to the Asteraceae family and the Cichorium genus ; its binomial nomenclature is Cichorium intybus L.. Catalonia chicory or asparagus chicory is green, with a ribbed head (of variable height), and is characterized by a generally bitter flavor (depending on the variety). In gastronomy, the types of this vegetable are essentially distinguished by the shape of the…

Black Carrot

What is black carrot? The black carrot is a primordial variety of carrot, a biennial herbaceous plant with a green stem, with colored root, belonging to the Apiaceae family, Genus Daucus , Carrot species ; in particular, the black one belongs to the sativus subspecies, atrorubens variety . In botany, therefore, the black carrot is identified by the nomenclature Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.. From a nutritional point of…

Laon artichoke

Generality The artichoke is a food of plant origin that belongs to the VII food group ; in the kitchen the flower is eaten (see recipes with artichokes ), while the leaves and roots find other uses, especially in the phytotherapeutic field and in the liquor industry. The artichoke is an integral part of the traditional gastronomy of many Italian regions, but its use is also…

Artichokes

Generality Artichokes are herbaceous plants typical of the Mediterranean basin (in Italy, they are mainly found in the Centre-South) ; they belong to the Asteraceae family, Cichorioidae subfamily, Cynara genus and Cardunculus species ; the most widespread subspecies is the scolymus . Ultimately, the trinomial nomenclature of common artichokes corresponds to Cynara cardunculus scolymus . Artichokes are vegetables whose inflorescences (immature flower heads, therefore harvested before their flowers bloom) and…